The Fitzpatrick Scale is a numerical classification of skin types. It was developed in 1975 by Thomas R. Fitzpatrick, a Harvard Dermatologist, as a way to classify the response of different types of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light.
||Pale white; blond or red hair, blue eyes, freckles
||Always burns - Never tans|
||White, fair; blond or red hair; blue, green or hazel eyes
||Usually burns - Minimal tan |
||Cream, white; fair with any hair or eye colour, most common
||Mild burns - Gradual tan |
||Moderate brown; typical Mediterranean skin tone
||Rarely burns - Tans well |
||Dark brown; Middle Eastern skin types
||Very rarely burns - Tans well |
||Deeply pigmented dark brown to black
||Never burns - Tans easily |
The Fitzpatrick Scale is used by many practitioners to determine how someone will respond or react to different kinds of facial treatments or products.